Federal Data Sources

The Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy maintains this site to provide easy access to the full range of statistics and information produced by more than 70 U.S. Federal agencies for public use.

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is the Federal Government's principal vital and health statistics agency.  NCHS is a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  To meet priority data needs for public health, NCHS works closely with other Federal agencies as well as researchers and academic institutions.  NCHS data systems include data on vital events as well as information on health status, lifestyle and exposure to unhealthy influences, the onset and diagnosis of illness and disability, and the use of health care.  These data are used by policy makers in Congress, medical researchers, and others in the health community.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Data Holdings is a division of the U.S. Department of Education.  NCES is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the U.S. and other nations. The Center fulfills a Congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report complete statistics on the condition of American education.  In addition, they conduct and publish reports, and review and report on educational activities internationally.

This site, developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, contains statistical information, allows access to electronic publications and data, and offers general information on the Bureau and its current programs.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics. The BLS is an independent national statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor organizations.  BLS data must satisfy a number of criteria, including relevance to current social and economic issues, timeliness in reflecting today’s rapidly changing economic conditions, accuracy and consistently high statistical quality, and impartiality in both subject matter and presentation.

The mission of the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (NDACAN) is to facilitate the secondary analysis of research data relevant to the study of child abuse and neglect. By making data available to a larger number of researchers, NDACAN seeks to provide a relatively inexpensive and scientifically productive means toward the exploration of child maltreatment.

The U.S. Census Bureau is thought to be the preeminent collector and provider of timely, relevant, and quality data concerning the population and economy of the United States.  The Bureau’s Geography page includes Census Bureau products, a map gallery, a Local Update of Census Addresses (LUCA), and Census Bureau employment opportunities.

U.S. Census Data on 100 Largest Cities: 1790-1990   Sponsored by the Population Division of the U.S. Bureau of the Census, this site includes historical information on population figures for the 100 largest U.S. cities from 1790-1990. It also includes data on the land area of these cities from 1910 onward. This collection represents the first time that the populations of the largest urban places at each decennial census from 1790 have been published at a single site.

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