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technical notes
Census 2000 data revealed that the Nation's growing racial and ethnic diversity has not translated into increased neighborhood integration. Mumford Center analysis confirms this - clearly showing that the average non-Hispanic white person continues to live in a very different neighborhood from those where the average black, Hispanic, and Asian live.

But do separate neighborhoods translate into unequal ones?

Social analysts have begun the process of answering this question - thanks to new Census data. In July 2002, the Census Bureau started releasing Summary File 3 data one state at a time. Based on the Census's long form questionnaire, which was completed by a 1-in-6 sample of households, these data include economic and social indicators categorized by race and ethnicity at the neighborhood level.

The following web pages provide information on differences in neighborhood characteristics for non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics and Asians. Data for these groups are provided for a number of social and economic indicators including median household and average per capita income; rates of poverty and unemployment; education and occupational status, housing vacancy and homeownership; immigration status and percentage of persons speaking a language other than English at home; as well as for the degree of isolation and integration of each group. You can view this information at the MSA level or the city level.

We include data for 1990 and 2000. To facilitate comparisons between neighborhoods we provide a ratio of each minority group value to the white group value for every indicator. In addition, an overall ranking by group neighborhood from best to worst for 1990 and 2000 is included. Links to information concerning the possible sources of inequality - income class, race or nativity - are provided on each metro region page and on each city page.

Metropolitan Statistical Area

Select a metropolitan region using the menu below. For each region, data is provided for the entire metropolitan area, as well as its central city and suburban portions. Click here for a description of how the Census Bureau defines metro regions

Select a metropolitan area

City Data

We have calculated data for all cities with more than 10,000 population in 2000. Note that some indices become unreliable or have little meaning for very small places, or where a specific racial/ethnic group is very small. Therefore, you should be cautious in using these data, especially for cities with populations less than 50,000.

Select a city

The series of web pages for each category is organized in the following manner:

flow chart

September 25, 2002 - What's Released: Data from the Census 2000 SF3 Population and Housing Characteristics are now available for all of the nation's 331 metro areas.

Go to our Metro Monitor for a snapshot of neighborhood inequality in your city
Select a metropolis

A description of the indicators and the measures we use to calculate neighborhood inequality can be found here.